Ornaments, domes and minarets of Istanbul‘s skyline. Suleymaniye Mosque in the city’s biggest and most splendid mosque. Exterior and interior aesthetics, supremely disciplined, fascinated spectator pleasing proportions. The Süleymaniye Mosque is an architectural masterpiece. Turkish Ottoman Empire in the 16th century was a period of in all respects to be developed and improved. 36 to 47 years is the longest rulers of the Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent Sultan. This is a great repute Sultan, which will be built in his name had been transferred to Mimar Sinan mosque husband. Mimar Sinan is a genius world of architecture, large complex surrounding the mosque and completed between the years 1550-1557. The founder of the classical period, and the developers of Turkish art of Mimar Sinan, the art here has proved the rule. Large complex surrounding the courtyard of the mosque schools, libraries, public baths, public kitchens, a caravanserai, a hospital and shops.
To watch the beauty of the structure need to be away from the outside Suleymaniye Mosque. Galata Tower and Golden Horn, Galata walks, all the majesty of this empire can be seen with the work. The minaret of the mosque, which mainly covers the space of four large dome. Surrounded by porticos around the main entrance to the mosque, which is in the middle of the inner courtyard fountain. Internal architecture of openness, integrity, strengthens the effect of a moderate majestic ornament this place. 26.50 m diameter central dome 53 meters high pillars is called the four major pillars. Compatible with all the elements of the space is in harmony. In terms of static equilibrium of the structure is flawless. Earthquakes that rocked the city of Istanbul in time cause there has not been even a single crack. Effective in the past century baroque decoration in the dome.
One hand the structure of the ground sample was placed in niches in the 1950s carpet. Inside the niche in the wall of the 16th century, the most eye-catching original, fantastically colorful, stained-glass windows decorated with Turkish motifs. So its place is very different in Turkey. Pretty simple mevlithan balcony and next to the pulpit, however, is decorated with tiles made of marble mihrab niche around. Sultan lodge is located to the left of the altar. The walls are decorated with verses from the Koran. They are very beautiful examples of Turkish art of calligraphy. Check-in balconies and side facades are reserved for women. 18th century bronze cage compartment to the right of the entrance is a fine example of Turkish labor in mining.
Rear courtyard of the mosque of Sultan Suleyman, as well as the tombs of the great loves are his wife, Roksana’s. There are different centuries around the graves of important people. At one end of the Süleymaniye complex is located in a small and very modest burial. This is the glory and fame for 99 years and had lived for 50 years with the Imperial head architecture, the tomb of the great master Mimar Sinan. Mimar Sinan, hardworking and efficient, long-life of more than 400 works completed along. He was the most important representative is the founder of classical Turkish architecture. Students trained in other Islamic countries produced a works.
Suleymaniye Mosque complex is located in Istanbul with a dominant point. Part of the harem courtyard, the mosque is rectangular in shape with the extent of 68×63 m. 26.50 m diameter and 53 m in height with flat pendentive dome sits on four large arches and the base of the thirty-two round-arched window. One of the columns in the Topkapi Palace, one of the Kıztaşı, one was brought from Alexandria and the other Baalbek. There are two half-dome of the mihrab and side of the main door. Sides, feet muqarnas between the two marble columns titled based on the three-pointed arch extends from the gallery. 138 Jami window light. The mosque is an architectural masterpiece of acoustics and ventilation scheme. In the altar the sound of a person who reads the Quran, there is no amplifier, speaker of the glass without the need to reach the most remote point in the same tone one ear.
Two of the four minarets of the mosque, two-hand corner of the north wall of the inner courtyard and two balcony. Three balconies, while the other two are located in the corners of the rear facade. Looking at every aspect of the exterior of Süleymaniye mosque is an example of harmony. Half-domes, weight, towers, domes, corners a little, to ease the pressure big dome, made of very thin accounts. Mosque, aesthetic, sketches are a masterpiece in terms of beauty.
Holding the feet on the bottom of the cell by opening a hollow dome, the breed would weight the legs removed, or was disposed of uniformity. The internal and external harmony can be an example so that denkleşmiş generations. Cheers on the minaret, Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent is the tenth sign. 63.80 m high with three balconies ones. Of the glass marble works, writings, pottery, ivory and mother of pearl inlays represents the best examples of the era. Master Mimar Sinan and disciple of Ahmed Hasan Çelebi Mosque of Karahisârî writings reserved.
Pasture gate, the old palace gate, school gate, the gate of the bazaar, chief physician door, a soup kitchen door, vault door, the guest gate, the gate of the harem gate and the name of the network to 11 ports. One of the inner courtyard in the center of a rectangular in the plan, while others are three gates on the sides. Ranked 12 on both sides of the door, three windows, and the rooms in the center of the inner courtyard has a fountain in the middle of the rectangular marble. The courtyard of Süleymaniye Mosque is paved with marble floor and transforming it into a colonnade around the dome 28.
The Story of Construction
By Suleiman the Magnificent built to show the strength and splendor of the empire. Mosque and complex completed in 7 years. However, Suleiman the Magnificent 7 years of his life for a long time had been squeezing it. Did not understand why Mimar Sinan failure of a kind. At that time, rumors began to fall in the Sultan on all sides. The legal status of the Süleymaniye afternoon he went to see with his own eyes. As said Mimar Sinan was entered into the magnificent building of the mosque sitting in the middle of the narghile smokers. Sultan could not believe his eyes. What a tough job with the sound and all the majesty and the” Chief Architect,” he cried. However, Mimar Sinan was not really smoking. Drank only water.
Master architect, trying to measure the acoustics of the mosque listening to scalding water pipe. Voice of the imam niche, how to reach the mosque at the same rate counting on all. For this, different parts of Anatolia brought in 65 huge pickle jar. These cubes are hollow, coming out of their mouths lined slopes of the dome. Chief Architect came to an end. The sound of hundreds of square meters of space in every corner, the best way was able to spread. Suleiman the Magnificent, have understood the intention of Mimar Sinan, the master of donated immediately. Mimar Sinan has built an air corridor inside the building. Electricity is not yet available in those years, the Süleymaniye 275 giant oil lamps lighted. He, the mosque is that it not harm the oil lamps and uncomfortable middle door so that the community built on a small chamber.
Into holes on the building work has started in various corners of the collection provided in this room. And in the name of so-called Chamber of soot into the bay formed a special dampening system by Mimar Sinan. Collected in the room works, period founded upon the highest quality ink. Amazing pen that you see on the walls of the Süleymaniye works, articles, decorations, candles mosque that the ink was distilled from work. All of these are from the present 458 years ago, science, technology was made. In addition, the two hollow inside, go outside and look at it, in one of the mosques of Allah, Muhammad written in another, you will see the giant plates. Which is also the corner of Sulaimaniya, which is the wall, which you measure the angle of the measure, quantify the levels of encounter came and you will see that the word of Allah.